What Is the Darknet? Many people are mystified about what the darknet really is. First of all, it can be confused with the deep web, that part of the Internet which cannot be reached by search engines. Experts say the deep web is multiple times larger than the surface web (the Internet as we know it). The dark web (or dark net) makes up a small portion of the deep web. Its contents could not be accessed using search engines, but there’s something more: it is the anonymous web. Within the dark net, website publishers as well as web surfers are totally anonymous. Though big government agencies can theoretically trace people’s activities in this anonymous space, the process is extremely difficult, needs a huge amount of resources, and isn’t always effective. On the other hand, accessing the hidden Internet is amazingly easy. Using a service called Tor (or TOR), an acronym for The Onion Router, is the most common way to do. Though technically savvy users will be able to find a variety of ways to configure and use Tor, it can also be as trouble-free as installing a new browser. The Tor browser even works for surfing the surface web anonymously, offering the user additional protection against threats, such as corporate data theft, government spying, hacking, and the rest. It also enables you visit websites that are published anonymously on the Tor network, which are inaccessible to anyone not using Tor. Without a doubt, this is one of the biggest and most popular portions of the darknet. Tor website addresses look different from typical URLs in that they are composed of random-looking character strings and are followed by .onion.
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Another privacy network known as I2P (the Invisible Internet Project) is increasing in popularity. Tor has remained very popular, but there also seems to be a shift towards I2P, where users get such improvements as integrated secure email and file storage/sharing plug-ins, as well as integrated social features like blogging and chat. Many Tor users also like to add an extra layer of protection by using a virtual private network, or VPN. No one will be able to see what you are doing exactly with your onion router, but surveillance entities would know that you are on Tor to do something. There were rumors in 2014 about the NSA tagging Tor users as extremists or persons of interest. While that could be a very long list without any evidence of what will be done with it, it is something everyone would like to avoid. Connecting to Tor with a VPN erases this problem because in the first place, nobody would know that the person is even using Tor.The Essential Laws of Resources Explained